Re: Updating Yocto


Mikko Rapeli
 

Hi,

On Mon, Feb 22, 2021 at 12:12:21PM -0500, Claude Bing wrote:
Hello all. My organization has been working with Yocto recently, and we
have noticed that there are often weird errors encountered after
updating revisions within a release branch (e.g., 3.1.3 -> 3.1.5). Is
there an accepted process to merging in upstream changes? Here is a
distillation of our workflow:

* Yocto releases 3.1.0 / dunfell

* Create a local tracking branch for the Yocto release
"sample-yocto-dunfell" based on upstream 3.1.0 tag / dunfell branch.
This is necessary because some of our local tooling is located in the
top level directory and it is a pain to copy the files each time.

* Create firmware with Yocto

* Yocto releases 3.1.x

* Merge upstream yocto-3.1.x tag into local tracking branch

* Create firmware with Yocto

Sometimes, after this last step, we encounter problems where patches
cannot be applied, or files cannot be found when bitbake tries to build
the recipes. We have tried deleting build/{tmp,sstate-cache} whenever we
merge upstream changes, but random errors still persist. For each of
these packages, if we run "bitbake -c cleanall", the error goes away.
When both yocto update and your own changes are modifying the same recipes,
then conflicts can occur.

Most of the time, these recipes have not been extended in our project,
so they are purely meta-oe / meta packages.
If builds are failing, then your environment is breaking something.
It might even be the BSP layers that you use.

Are we doing something wrong, or is there a more acceptable way to
handle updates?

How tightly should meta-openembedded be tied to the core Yocto release?
I update all open source meta layers for every run of the update and also resolve
any issues by digging into details why the failure happened. I've done dunfell
updates with several BSP layers for multiple arm64 SoC's and have not seen
major issues.

What is useful and one of the best practices, is to clear the bitbake tmp
directory in between builds. Depending on details, there can be some cruft there
which fails when rebuilding.

Cheers,

-Mikko

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