Preempt-rt kernel build for beagleboard

Yu Pan <panyu2000@...>

I started looking at Yocto 2 weeks back. Despite the complexity in kernel building, I found it quite hard to locate information on preempt-rt build. I was trying to build linux-yocto-rt for beagleboard from "danny" and the linux-yocto-3.4 kernel, and it seems to be working. I'd like to share how one can do that in this thread.

Since the kernel does not include an official preempt-rt branch for beagleboard yet, I choose to directly use the standard/preempt-rt/base branch. I guess this should work for the preempt-rt kernel, from the fact that the standard kernel (non preempt-rt) used for beagleboard from the standard/beagleboard branch is basically identical to that from the standard/base branch.

Here is what I did.
1. Under poky/meta-yocto-bsp/recipes-kernel/linux, I added a linux-yocto-rt_3.4.bbappend recipe containing the following lines. The SRCREV value used is the same as the one in the base under poky/meta/recipes/kernel.

  KBRANCH_beagleboard = "standard/preempt-rt/base" 
  SRCREV_machine_beagleboard ?= "5705c8037d2c47938034ead87c70ae3ebef552f7" 
  COMPATIBLE_MACHINE_beagleboard = "beagleboard"

2. Modified the PREFERRED_PROVIDER_virtual/kernel variable in poky/meta-yocto-bsp/conf/machine/beagleboard.conf to "linux-yocto-rt".

3. "bitbake linux-yocto-rt -c menuconfig" to set the Preemption Model to "Fully Preemptible Kernel (RT)".

4. "bitbake linux-yocto-rt"

5. "bitbake core-image-rt" which includes some realtime test programs on top of core-image-minimal.

I did some cyclictest on beagleboard using the generated kernel and image with "/usr/bin/cyclictest -p95 -m". The results did show huge improvement on max latency especially under load.

Hope it helps.

Pan Yu

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